Ayodhya Ram Mandir Design: In the heart of Ayodhya, a testament to divine craftsmanship is nearing its completion — the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir. With the inauguration scheduled for January 22, the intricacies of this sacred edifice are not only steeped in spiritual significance but also exemplify architectural brilliance. This article unveils the details of the temple, setting it apart as an architectural marvel.
Ayodhya Ram Mandir Design
Nagara Style and Divine Dimensions
The Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir stands tall, constructed in the Nagara style of temple architecture. Towering over three floors, each 20 feet high, the temple boasts 392 pillars and 44 doors, creating a harmonious blend of symmetry and spirituality. The sanctum sanctorum will house the revered idol of Ram Lalla, while the first floor will host the Shri Ram Darbar and five mandaps, each dedicated to specific rituals.
Statues of deities grace the pillars and walls, with dedicated mandirs at each corner of the compound, honoring Surya, Bhagwati, Ganesh, Shiv, Annapurna, Hanuman, and others. The intricate detailing of the temple’s construction reflects a meticulous study of 550 temples across India, ensuring the amalgamation of the best architectural practices.
Foundation and Materials
The temple’s foundation is a feat in itself, crafted with a 14-meter-thick layer of roller-compacted concrete, mimicking the appearance of natural rock. To combat ground moisture, a 21-foot-high granite plinth has been strategically placed. The use of Makrana marble, pink sandstone from Rajasthan, granite from Tamil Nadu and Telangana, and colored marble from Mandla in Madhya Pradesh attests to the diverse and high-quality materials employed.
The commitment to environmental conservation is evident in the design, with 70% of the 70-acre area dedicated to lush greenery. The temple complex incorporates ramps and lifts for elderly and differently-abled devotees, a dedicated bathing area, and washrooms. Moreover, a pilgrims’ facility center accommodating 25,000 people, equipped with medical and locker facilities, reflects a thoughtful approach to visitor comfort.
The temple complex boasts its own sewage and water treatment plants, fire service, and an independent power station. Collaboration with experts from prestigious institutions such as IITs in Delhi, Guwahati, Chennai, and Bombay, NIT Surat, Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, and National Geo Research Institute, Hyderabad, ensures that the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir is a harmonious blend of tradition and technology.
More than 4,000 workers, including 460 craftsmen, have toiled tirelessly round the clock to prepare the temple’s ground floor for the impending consecration ceremony. The meticulous planning and execution, coupled with insights gained from the study of ancient temples, make this project a benchmark in temple construction.
Learning from the vulnerabilities of old temples in Mathura and Kashi to lightning strikes, the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir incorporates 200KA light arresters, a first-of-its-kind tested in India. Engravings on walkways and columns narrate 100 events from Valmiki’s Ramayana, adding a unique blend of spirituality and cultural significance.
Countdown to Consecration
As the inauguration date approaches, a week-long ritual precedes the Pran Pratishtha ceremony. From Vishnu Puja and gau daan to a grand Shobha Yatra, the consecration ceremony culminates on January 22 with prayers, rituals, and the auspicious Pran Pratistha at Abhijeet Muhurt.
The preparations for the consecration ceremony are as follows:
- January 16: Prayer to Lord Vishnu and donation of cows at Saryu riverbank.
- January 17: The idol of Ram Lalla will be taken on a grand procession with closed eyes. Water from the Saryu river will be carried in a pot and offered at the temple.
- January 18: Prayers to Lord Ganesh and Varun, along with other rituals and chanting of mantras, will be performed at the temple.
- January 19: A special fire ritual called Nau grah shanti hawan will be conducted at the temple site to seek blessings from all the planets.
- January 20: The inner sanctuary of the temple will be washed with water from the Saryu river, followed by prayers for auspiciousness.
- January 21: The throne of Ram Lalla will be washed with water from the Saryu river using 125 pots.
- January 22: Prayers and rituals will be performed, followed by the Pran Pratistha ceremony at an auspicious time known as Abhijeet Muhurt.
In the heart of Ayodhya, the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir emerges not just as a symbol of religious reverence but as an unparalleled architectural masterpiece. With its divine dimensions, meticulous construction, and technological integration, this sacred edifice is poised to stand the test of time, beckoning devotees from far and wide to witness the union of spirituality and craftsmanship.