Weather Update (January 2024): Severe Cold Grips North, Central, and Eastern India

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Weather Update (January 2024): In the past few days, the northern, central, and eastern parts of India have experienced a strong cold spell, which has made people uncomfortable and caused disruptions in their daily routines. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the cold weather has been accompanied by thick fog, which has affected many areas. The purpose of this weather update is to give a detailed analysis of the current cold conditions, how they have affected transportation, and the variations in different regions.

Dense Fog Disruptions

According to the most recent observations by IMD, there is very thick fog in West Uttar Pradesh. Isolated areas in Tripura also have dense fog, while Haryana-Chandigarh-Delhi, East Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Madhya Pradesh are experiencing light fog. The fog is causing difficulties for people traveling in these regions due to limited visibility.

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Transportation Impacts

The Indian Railways has said that 26 trains going to Delhi are delayed by up to six hours because of the fog. This shows how difficult it can be for different types of transportation when there’s fog, making it hard for people to stick to their usual plans.

Temperature Fluctuations

The weather agency says Delhi’s temperature will stay stable for the next two days, despite the very cold weather. The minimum temperature will be around 7.3 degrees Celsius, but some places might get a little colder, around six or 7.5 degrees Celsius. Overall, this year is warmer than last year during the same time.

Regional Temperature Variances

IMD data shows that temperatures differ in different states. In Eastern Uttar Pradesh, North Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Sikkim, temperatures range from six to nine degrees Celsius. Meanwhile, many areas of Punjab, Haryana-Chandigarh-Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan have temperatures between six and nine degrees Celsius.

Kashmir Valley in Deep Freeze

The Kashmir Valley remains in the grip of ‘Chillai-Kalan,’ a severe winter period lasting 40 days. During this time, the area experiences a cold wave, resulting in extremely low temperatures. Notably, Anantnag city recorded temperatures more than seven degrees below freezing, with other popular destinations like Pahalgam and Gulmarg also experiencing sub-zero temperatures.

‘Chillai-Kalan’ Phenomenon

Kashmiris are currently enduring the 40-day period of ‘Chillai-Kalan,’ characterized by severe cold and the freezing of water bodies, including the iconic Dal Lake. This period, lasting from December 21 to January 31, witnesses heavy snowfall in higher altitudes. Following ‘Chillai-Kalan,’ there will be 20 days of ‘Chillai-Khurd’ (mild cold) and 10 days of ‘Chillai-Bachha’ (mild cold) in Kashmir.

Rajasthan and Punjab: Easing of Cold

In Rajasthan, including cities like Sikar, Bikaner, and Jaipur, the severity of the cold has diminished. Night temperatures in Sikar dropped to three degrees Celsius, indicating a reduction in the cold wave. Similarly, many parts of Punjab and Haryana continue to experience cold weather, with places like Narnaul and Gurdaspur facing severe cold conditions.


As the cold spell persists across North, Central, and Eastern India, residents are urged to stay informed about the weather conditions. Travelers should plan accordingly, considering potential delays and disruptions in transportation. The IMD’s continuous monitoring provides crucial updates, ensuring public safety amid these challenging weather conditions.

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